Sometimes construction projects can take a long time to complete. Naturally, we are talking about huge complex tasks that require a lot of skills, invested effort and money. Their launch is sometimes delayed, as is the construction process itself, which can take more than one century. This list includes ten world-famous structures, the construction of which was started a long time ago, but they still remain unfinished for some reason.
You’ve probably heard of Westminster Abbey. This is one of the most famous and beautiful churches in the world, which is a recognized architectural masterpiece. Surprisingly, this is not the cradle of Catholicism in the country — such an honor belongs to Westminster Cathedral, which lies one street below the Abbey. Westminster Cathedral, in fact, was never completed to the end. The work is still ongoing, but so far the entire interior remains unadorned. Work on the construction began in 1895, but the parent church of all England was never finished.
The German Stadium was founded in 1937 in Nuremberg, Germany. The stadium was the brainchild of Adolf Hitler, who wanted to create a giant Roman-style arena for all sorts of purposes, including various Nazi rallies and replacing the Olympic Games with something like the Aryan Games. Fortunately, the Second World War stopped the construction before any serious work was launched. Thus, the only remnants of the German stadium are the half-destroyed pillars, the walls from the test site and the large lake in Nuremberg, which filled the construction pit of the structure.
St. John the Evangelist Cathedral in New York.
St. John the Evangelist Cathedral in New York is one of the largest Christian churches in the world. It is located in Manhattan, in the heart of the city. This structure should definitely be considered a landmark of New York, but the officials responsible for this are waiting for the building to be completed. Well, the construction began back in 1892. The design was fraught with many problems, starting from the very launch, from lack of finance and technical problems to wars and fires, not to mention the fact that the developers changed the overall architectural style several times. Church officials are still trying to decide how to complete the cathedral, and in the meantime it has received the nickname “St. John the Unfinished”.
The Superpower building in Florida.
This structure definitely fits into the area of colossal failures and unfinished buildings. The Great Building relates to Scientology in the same way as the Vatican relates to Catholicism. Work began in 1999 in Clearwater, Florida, and was estimated to take two years and $40 million. In 2003, the work was abandoned for six whole years in order to redevelop the entire interior and collect more donations from supporters. All this was done, even despite the daily fines of $ 250 that were imposed for idle time. Work began again in 2009, but the building has not yet opened. Many followers left the church, donating millions to the project, and in January 2013, Luis and Rocio Garcia filed a lawsuit against the church for wasting money.
The International Space Station.
The International Space Station (ISS) is not so much a building, but rather a “modular structure”. It is on this list because it is in the state of an infinite construction. Unlike most of the facilities here, the Station is managed by countries from all continents. The first “component” called Zarya was launched into orbit in 1998, and the most recent was added in 2011. The complex was supposed to be completed by 2005, but due to changes in technology and science, this date was postponed indefinitely.
The Royal Palace of Azhuda.
The National Palace of Ajuda in Lisbon is not only a famous landmark, but also the official residence of the Portuguese royal family. According to all the points listed above, it would seem that it should be placed in the list of priorities of Portuguese builders and developers. However, the structure, the construction of which began in 1796, was never completed. Lack of finances and a series of wars led to the fact that the project was repeatedly adjusted and changed. But the construction continued, despite these failures, completely until the Portuguese Revolution in 1910, which abolished the monarchy. Currently, the semi-finished palace functions as a museum.
If you have already heard about the Woodchester mansion, then you are probably a fan of haunted TV series. Once there was a psychiatric hospital here, then soldiers were housed during the Second World War. But the real reason why the Woodchester mansion is famous is the infernal shell of the house — the externally completed mansion is absolutely not finished inside. Woodchester is open to visitors, so you can always see the inside of the house, which has only the outside.
New Zealand Parliament buildings.
Like the Portuguese kings and queens who were supposed to live in the Ajuda Palace, the New Zealand parliamentarians worked on the unfinished building for more than a century. Plans for the new headquarters were drawn up in 1911 and included two stages of construction: one for important premises, and the second for less important ones, such as the library and the Crown law firm. All this was supposed to take only two years, but they did not even start construction until 1914, delaying it until 1922. In any case, the second stage of the official buildings of the parliament never began. The building was officially opened in 1995, although it is still not finished from a technical point of view.
Marble Hill Nuclear Power Plant.
Most of the items in this list, despite the fact that they are not completed, are still used for one purpose or another. But some of them are nothing but useless colossal failures. Marble Hill falls into this latter category. This nuclear power plant in Indiana was started in 1977, and within about 7 years it was supposed to be completely completed. Then in 1984, after investing $ 2.5 billion, it turned out that it was only half completed. The companies that started the project realized that they simply could not afford to continue building further. They ended up selling a piece of equipment to recover several million lost costs. The plant has been in a semi-finished state since then, and the company that owns it plans to completely dismantle all the structures.
Sagrada Familia in Barcelona.
Unlike the Cathedral of St. John, the Sagrada Familia Church in Barcelona has received worldwide recognition-despite the fact that it is still under construction since 1882. Moreover, it is defined as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, it was also visited by the Pope and declared a basilica. The Sagrada Familia is the brainchild of the famous architect Antonio Gaudi, who spent most of his life turning the cathedral into a grotesque, nature-inspired work of art. He died tragically in 1926, having been hit by a tram. His masterpiece by that time was completed by less than a quarter. But his work has been continued ever since, inspired by Gaudi’s vision and funded by the millions of tourists who flock to the cathedral every year. Today, the Sagrada Familia is more than half done, with an optimistic completion date in 2026-the centenary of Gaudi’s death. The current chief architect is confident that the construction will be completed “ ” perhaps in less than a century”.