Sometimes construction projects take a long time. Naturally, we are talking about huge, complex buildings, the construction of which requires a lot of work, effort and money. Their launch is sometimes delayed, as is the construction process itself, which can take more than one century. In this list you will find ten world-famous buildings, the construction of which was started a long time ago, but still for some reason has not been completed.
Westminster Cathedral.
You’ve probably heard of Westminster Abbey. This is one of the most famous and beautiful churches in the world, which is a recognized architectural masterpiece. Surprisingly, however, it is not considered the main Catholic church in England, this honor belongs to Westminster Cathedral, which is located down the street from the abbey. Westminster Cathedral, officially recognized as the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church in Britain and the main Catholic church in England and Wales, was built from 1895 to 1903, but was never actually completed. In particular, its interior decoration is not finished.
“German Stadium»
The “German Stadium” was laid down in September 1937 in Nuremberg. This expensive project was the brainchild of Adolf Hitler, who wanted to create a giant Roman-style arena for all sorts of purposes, including Nazi rallies and the widely promoted “National Socialist combat games” (a kind of mixture of athletics and military-applied sports). However, World War II halted construction before the Nazis could begin any serious work. Construction “stalled” at an early stage (only a horseshoe-shaped pit was dug), no work was carried out during the war, and after the war, fragments of building structures and debris formed during the dismantling of the buildings destroyed by the bombing of the center of Nuremberg were brought to the construction site, filling up the entire Silberbuck mound. Today, on the site of the failed grand “German Stadium”, there are half-destroyed pillars and walls from the test site, as well as a large lake in Nuremberg, which was formed on the site of a pit dug for the stadium.
Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist.
St. John the Evangelist Cathedral in New York is one of the largest Christian churches in the world. It is located in Manhattan, in the heart of the city. This structure should definitely be considered a New York City landmark, but officials responsible for the official list of Big Apple attractions are waiting for the building to be completed. The construction of the cathedral began back in 1892. From the very beginning, the construction was fraught with many problems-from lack of finances and technical issues to fires, not to mention the fact that the developers changed the overall architectural style several times. Church officials are still trying to decide exactly how to complete the cathedral, and in the meantime, it has received the nickname “St. John the Unfinished”.
The Superpower building in Florida.
This structure is definitely worthy of being included in the top ten colossal failures and unfinished buildings. The Superpower Building is to the Church of Scientology what the Vatican is to Catholicism, according to Church of Scientology leader David Mickiewicz. Work on the construction of the building began in 1999 in Clearwater, Florida. According to preliminary estimates, the construction was supposed to take two years with a total budget of $ 40 million. In 2003, the construction site was abandoned for six years as church leaders decided to redevelop the entire interior of the building and raise more donations. All this was done, even despite the daily fines of $ 250 that were imposed for idle time. Work began again in 2009, but the building was never put into operation. Many Scientology followers left the church, frustrated with the aimless spending of millions donated to the project, and in January 2013, Luis and Rocio Garcia filed a lawsuit against the church for embezzling their money.
The International Space Station.
The International Space Station (ISS) is not exactly a building, as it is a “modular structure”, but it is included in this list because it is in a state of permanent construction. Unlike most of the buildings on the list, the ISS exists in motion, and is believed to be managed and maintained by all the countries of the world, so it’s surprising that the structure still hasn’t fallen apart. The first” component “of the ISS, called Zarya, was launched into orbit in 1998, and the most recent was added in 2011. Now, for the sake of fairness, it is worth mentioning that the ISS was technically supposed to be “completed” by 2005, but due to changes in technology and science, this date never had a chance. So there are several new components that are planned to be attached over the next few years, and the construction is considered “almost half” finished.
Azhuda National Palace.
The Ajuda National Palace in Lisbon is not only a famous landmark, but also the official residence of the Portuguese royal family. For all of the above points, it would seem that it should be placed in the list of priorities of Portuguese builders and developers. However, the structure, which began construction in 1796, was never completed. Lack of finances and a series of wars led to the fact that the project was repeatedly adjusted and changed. But construction continued, despite these setbacks, until the Portuguese revolution in 1910, which overthrew the monarchy. Currently, the unfinished palace functions as a museum.
Woodchester mansion.
If you’ve ever heard of the Woodchester Mansion, you probably got your information from the ghost TV programs that said the mansion was cursed. To be fair — the psychiatric hospital wanted to move into this mansion, and during the Second World War, soldiers were located nearby, but given that no one lived in the building, rumors about ghosts should be taken skeptically. In fact, the Woodchester Mansion is known for the fact that it is only the appearance of the house-from the outside, the building looks like a real mansion, but the interior decoration leaves much to be desired (simply absent). William Lee, who commissioned the mansion, was a perfectionist. And a poor perfectionist who, when he could get some money, worked on his own project and always personally supervised the construction and / or changed plans. Well, at least what was built was built to perfection. Woodchester Mansion is open to the public, in case you want to see the interior of the house, which looks decent only from the outside.
New Zealand Parliament Building.
The New Zealand Parliament has been operating in an unfinished building for a century. The design for the new parliament was approved in 1911 and included two phases of construction: one for important premises, and the other for less important ones, such as the library and the Criminal Law Office. Construction was supposed to take only two years, but it only started in 1914, and the first stage was completed in 1922 (to be fair, there was a war going on at that time). In any case, the second stage of the construction of the official parliamentary buildings did not begin — so the “official opening” took place only in 1995. The building is not actually completed to this day, but another building for the library and offices called the Beehive was built on unused space. So the New Zealanders were able to somehow get out of it.
Marble Hill Nuclear Power Plant.
Construction of this nuclear power plant in Indiana began in 1977, and for about 7 years it was believed that it would become a fully functioning element of nuclear power. Then, in 1984, after spending $ 2.5 billion to bring the reactors to a state of half-readiness, the company abandoned the project — they simply did not have the money to complete it. The company sold some of the equipment to get back a few million. The station is still unfinished, and the company that owns it is now in the process of demolishing it.