As the world’s population grows, people move to other cities. But many large cities face the challenge of how to accommodate more people in the same space.
For many, the answer is architectural projects that embody the latest environmental and design ideas.
Architects, sociologists, and science fiction writers have always dreamed of futuristic cities built on water, land, or space. Here are the most unimaginable projects of the cities of the future:
Lilypad-a green villa in the sea.
Lilypad is a model of a self-sufficient island that floats on the surface of the water and is designed to accommodate people affected by climate change. The entire complex can accommodate about 50 thousand people. The city will use renewable energy sources, including solar, wind, and biomass energy to generate electricity. In addition to zero harmful emissions, the complex will be able to absorb carbon dioxide from the air thanks to green plants that will be planted throughout the complex. Each such Lilypad complex will be located near the coast or swim in the ocean, traveling from the equator to the northern seas, depending on where it will be carried by the Gulf Stream.
Gwanggyo Power Center is a hilly mega structure.
This self-contained city was designed by Dutch architects MVRDV for the town of Gwanggyo, which will be located 35 km from Seoul in South Korea. This town will be able to accommodate about 77 thousand residents, where they will enjoy an ecological lifestyle. The design is a mix of housing, office and retail buildings, leisure facilities, and educational institutions. Atriums will be created in the towers for various purposes, and hedges will be placed on the roofs and terraces, which will improve ventilation and reduce water and energy consumption.
Hydro-Net is an eco-community that relies on its own resources.
San Francisco is already considered one of the greenest cities in the United States, but the new project, developed by the team of IwamotoScott Architects, will become a real ecotopia by 2018. The city will consist of towers that collect algae, fog catchers, and geothermal energy fungi. The walls of the Hydro-Net tunnel will be made of carbon nanotubes, which will help store and distribute the hydrogen produced by algae and other fuel sources. All of these technologies are designed to reduce carbon emissions and to make the city self-sufficient by using renewable energy. They will also provide a network of underground arteries for hovering cars powered by hydrogen fuel.
Crystal Island is the city center.
This city, which is planned to be built in Moscow, will be enclosed in a building made in the form of a cone. The tent-like structure will rise 450m. This tent forms the second skin of the building, which creates a thermal barrier to the interior space. This second skin regulates the temperature inside the building, isolating in winter to reduce heat loss and opening in summer to cool the interior space. The building-city is based on the efficient use of energy, including the generation of renewable and low-carbon energy.
Bio-city is a design that uses nanotechnology and biogenetics to transform an ordinary vine into a “vine city”. Thanks to the new technology, it will be possible to grow plants faster, attach them to various surfaces, which will lead to greater absorption of carbon dioxide and the release of fresh oxygen into the environment. The goal of the project will be to create such “vine cities” in the most polluted cities in the world. The plants will also be used as a source of biofuels. Wind turbines and photovoltaic panels that are attached to buildings will generate renewable energy for the buildings.
SkyCity 1000 is an ultra-high city skyscraper.
SkyCity 1000 consists of 14 concave” space plateaus ” in the form of plates, which are stacked one above the other. The interior of the plateau will consist of green spaces, and apartments will be located on the edges of the building. With this project, it is planned to end the lack of green space in Japan and minimize congestion in the subway.
Green Float-floating paradise island.
Green Float is a collection of artificial sea islands that will purify seawater for their own use. There will be negative carbon release rates on the island, people will provide themselves with food, and there will be no waste. Natural energy sources will also be collected through space-based solar energy satellites, ocean thermal energy conversion mechanisms, waves, wind, and solar energy technologies. The island forest will help reduce the level of carbon dioxide in the surrounding air, keeping the air itself clean.
Babcock Ranch is a solar-powered city.
Almost all buildings in this city will have solar panels installed on their roofs. These solar panels will generate renewable energy to power the entire city. The project also includes renewable water management and environmental systems, lamps that reduce light pollution, electric car chargers, and more. Also, green plants that will be planted throughout the city will help provide it with fresh oxygen and reduce the amount of carbon dioxide in the air.
X-SEED 4000-made in the shape of Mount Fuji.
This is a project of one of the tallest buildings-cities. The city will use solar energy to maintain the internal temperature in summer and winter. The city will be able to accommodate up to 1 million inhabitants, and its height will reach 4000 m. The city will host many apartments, offices, entertainment centers, parks and forests.
Sub-Biosphere 2-floating ” bubbles of life”
Sub-BioSphere2 is a self-contained enclosed underwater habitat designed to house humans, animals, and plants. It will be able to swim or dive underwater, supporting life in its biomes. Air, water, food, electricity and other needs will be carried out by controlling the atmospheric pressure.