10 most beautiful museums in the world.
These buildings contain the most valuable treasures of humanity.
Musee d’Orsay, France.
Located on the left bank of the Seine, this outstanding Parisian museum opened in 1986 in a former train station and hotel, designed in the Beaux-Arts style. The interior of the museum successfully uses the preliminary structure of the building: galleries are grouped around a large nave, and streams of light enter through a wide glass roof.
The Musee d’Orsay was supposed to bridge the time gap between the collections of the Louvre and the Pompidou Center and focus on the art of the late XIX – early XX century. The museum now houses the largest collection of Impressionists and post-impressionists in the world.
The Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain.
As part of the spiritual revival of the city of Bilbao in the late 1980s, the Basque authorities, together with the Solomon Guggenheim Foundation, decided to open a museum of modern art. American-Canadian architect Frank Gary won the competition for the design of the museum building, which opened its doors in October 1997.
The amazing structure is located on the banks of the river Nervion in the old industrial center of the city. The walls of the museum, covered with titanium plates, give the impression of an unusual plant or a fantastic ship.
Gary’s creation instantly became a sensation and received high marks among the architect’s colleagues, in particular Philip Johnson, who called the museum “the most outstanding building of our time”.
Oscar Niemeyer Museum, Brazil.
The museum opened in 2002-2003 and immediately received the nickname “the eye”for its appearance. The design of the building was developed by the legendary Brazilian architect (whose name the museum bears), who was a key figure in modern architectural art.
When the museum was completed, Niemeyer was 95. The exposition of the museum, which covers an area of 600 square meters, consists of works by artists from different countries, as well as works by Niemeyer himself.
British Museum, London.
The project of the modern building of the museum, which opened in 1852, was designed by architect Robert Smerk in the neoclassical style. The grand southern entrance with its majestic pediment and columns was inspired by the architecture of ancient Greece.
In 2000, the British architectural company Foster and Partners built a new Large Hall in the courtyard of the museum with an impressive glass roof, which became the largest indoor space in Europe.
Royal Ontario Museum, Canada.
This is the largest Canadian museum of natural History, art and Culture, which houses more than 6 million exhibits. The east wing was added to the original neo-Romanesque museum building in the 1930s, and in 2007, the design studio of Daniel Libeskind designed a new entrance to the building, called the “Michael Lee-Chin Crystal” (in honor of the patron who donated money for its construction).
The building was dubbed “a symbol of the new Toronto of the XXI century”.
However, the complex prismatic structure of glass and aluminum on a steel frame is not liked by everyone. In 2009, it was ranked eighth in the list of “the ugliest buildings in the world”.
Sumaya Museum, Mexico City.
The private Museum and Institute of Culture, established in 1994, has two buildings located in the squares of Loreto and Carso in Mexico City. The last building, opened in 2011, was designed by Mexican architect Fernando Romero, and implemented by Ove Arup and Frank Gehry.
Inside the 46-meter structure, covered with 16 thousand aluminum hexagons, there is a museum, on six floors of which exhibits from Mexico and Europe are presented, including the largest collection of works by Rodin outside of France.
Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.
The Hermitage-one of the largest and oldest museums in the world – was opened in 1764 by the Empress Catherine the Great. The museum houses more than 3 million masterpieces of art and cultural values.
The State Museum complex consists of several buildings, among which the most famous is the large green-and-white Winter Palace-the former residence of the Russian tsars.
The palace was designed by the Italian architect Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli in a lush Baroque style.
Museum of Islamic Art, Doha, Qatar.
The project of the museum, which opened in the Qatari capital in 2008, was developed by the Pritzker Prize-winning American architect Bay Yumin. At the age of 91, Bay traveled all over the Arab world in search of inspiration for his project.
The five-story white limestone building sits on the edge of Doha Harbor, overlooking the bay. The two wings of the building are connected by a large central courtyard. The museum contains a rich collection of Islamic art from more than 1,400 years.
The Vatican museums were opened by Pope Julius II in the XVI century. The museum complex includes 52 galleries and is one of the largest in the world. The museum’s collection of religious paintings and sculptures includes works by Raphael, Titian, and Caravaggio.
The most famous of the museum’s halls are the Gallery of Maps and the Gallery of Tapestries, as well as the famous Sistine Chapel, whose walls are decorated with the works of many outstanding masters, in particular, Perugino and Botticelli, and the vaulted ceiling is painted by Michelangelo.
National Museum of Art, Osaka.
The museum’s new building, designed by architect Cesar Pelli, opened in 2004 on the site of the original 1970s building. Most of the museum, which contains mostly post-war works of art, is underground, with the exception of the entrance and lobby.
Pelli’s architectural studio has developed an impressive design for the museum’s entrance-the glass and steel structure resembles the stalks of firmly woven river reeds or bamboo.