Ten incredible abandoned buildings
We chose the best places where you can admire the small “teasers” of the post — apocalyptic world-destroyed, but still incredible buildings.
- The Teufelsberg spy radio station in Berlin, Germany.
The “devil’s mountain” Teufelsberg appeared in Berlin after the Second World War: the wreckage of almost 400 thousand destroyed buildings was brought to one place, covered with earth, and then the resulting hill was planted with trees. Later, a radar station was built on top of it for wiretapping. When Germany united, the station was closed. For a long time, it was only possible to get inside illegally, but now the owners of the territory have opened official access, lead organized excursions and even give a discount on the visitBerlin card. At the top, there are beautifully painted graffiti ruins, huge skeletons of locators with a ragged tarp flapping spectacularly in the wind, and a great view of Berlin as a bonus.
- Missouri State Penitentiary, USA.
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One of the oldest correctional institutions in America had a bad reputation even for a prison: the institution, which opened in 1836, contained death row inmates, riots and mass fights with a bloody outcome constantly broke out here. In 2004, it was closed, the gloomy building fell into disrepair for several years, but then the prison was converted into a museum. Now there are organized tours where you can walk around the prison courtyard with your hands behind your back, sit on the bunks, and even look into the gas chambers where death sentences were carried out. For the most adventurous, we offer night tours and master classes in ghost hunting.
- Hashima Mining Island, Japan.
The island, 15 km from Nagasaki, is nicknamed Gunkanjima (“cruiser”) — from the outside, it resembles a warship. About a hundred years ago, coal was found on this tiny piece of land, polluted by birds, and in a few years Hashima turned into one of the largest industrial centers in Japan. Mines, coal refineries and industrial plants, residential buildings, shops, schools, cemeteries, swimming pools and more than 5,000 people-and this is on an island 200 m long and 500 m wide. When the coal reserves were exhausted, the mines were closed, the people were removed, allowing only the most necessary things to be taken with them, and Hashima became a ghost town: what it looks like today-you can see, for example, in the movie “007: Coordinates “Skyfall” (the lair of the villain Raul Silva is copied from Hashima).
- Power Plant IM power plant in Charleroi, Belgium.
The old coal-fired power plant regularly supplied energy to the entire Belgian district of Monceau-sur-Sambre, but under pressure from environmentalists in 2007 it was closed: their research showed that it is Power Plant IM that gives 10% of all CO2 emissions in Belgium. The station is always promised to be demolished, but so far they have not gathered. In the meantime, the point is that it is illegally visited by lovers of industrial ruins, photographers and curious tourists. Especially impressive is the cooling tower — a grandiose well with a moss-covered funnel in the center.
Charleroi is located 50 km from Brussels, the station is easily found by the tower of the cooling tower sticking out over the town.
- Six Flags-Jazzland amusement park in New Orleans, USA.
Hurricane Katrina put an end to the local fun: “Jazeland” remained flooded for more than a month and was eventually destroyed almost completely. New Orleans has recovered from the disaster, but the park is still in ruins and desolation, although the owners regularly report that they are about to start putting it in order. In the meantime, Hollywood directors are actively shooting it in films about zombies and the post-apocalyptic world.
The park is a 25-minute drive from the city center.
- Maunsell Tower Forts, England.
Anti-aircraft defense towers in the Thames estuary near Essex were built to protect London and Liverpool from the sea. After the war, some of them housed meteorological centers, others — pirate radio stations, and one of the platforms even managed to visit the self-proclaimed principality of Sealand. Today the forts are abandoned. Only a couple of towers are suitable for a safe visit.
Special cruises from Whitstable Harbour can be arranged to the forts, either on the historic Greta (48 lb) sailboat or in tow.
- La Petite Ceinture railway in Paris, France.
The ring railway was built in 1852 — it was supposed to connect the Paris railway stations. But in the end, its functions were taken over by the metro, and in the 30s the road was closed. Overgrown with grass and bushes, paths, bridges and tunnels have turned into a spontaneous park-gloomy, painted with graffiti, dangerous at night, but very impressive and completely unformatted for one of the most trampled tourist cities in the world. The municipality is considering projects to revive La Petite Ceinture: for example, to run a branch line around the entire center of Paris, trains for tourists or mobile shopping centers selling souvenirs and fast food, but so far these are only projects.
Officially, several sections of the road between the 12th and 16th arrondissements are open for walking.
- Buzludzha Monument, Bulgaria.
For the Bulgarian Communists, this Balkan peak was sacred: it was here that the local communist party was established at a secret congress. In 1981, a monument was built here for a lot of money in honor of those events: a stele crowned with a star, two torches and a concrete bunker, most like a lost UFO. Here they were accepted as pioneers, celebrated the achievements of Bulgarian socialism and organized mass folk festivals with barbecues and fireworks. When socialism in Bulgaria ended, the monument was looted — even the decorative interior lining of granite and marble was taken out. There is only a concrete skeleton strewn with slag-but it also makes an unforgettable impression.
It is most convenient to get to Buzludzha from Gabrovo, combining a visit with a visit to the Shipka Pass.
A fragment of the Great Railway Era and the best illustration for the finale of the book “Atlas Shrugged”, the main railway junction of Detroit was once the highest station in the world. Every day, up to two hundred trains left from here to all parts of the country. But the railroads lost to the planes, the automobile boom ended, and with it the city of Detroit-along with its skyscraper train station. The last train left here in 1988, since then the building has been occupied only by vandals and film studios — for example, some scenes of the movie “Transformers” and the video of Eminem Beautiful were shot here.
You can get inside the building legally only during extremely rare events to draw attention to the architectural monument, when access is opened to a limited number of visitors — mostly reporters and photographers.
- Beelitz-Heilstätten Hospital, Germany.
The hospital was built for more than 30 years-starting in 1898, initially it was supposed to be treated for tuberculosis, but in the end there was a whole medical town – with hospitals, sanatoriums and an institute where doctors were trained and conducted research. In 1916, Hitler was treated here, and in 1990-Honecker. Some buildings are undergoing restoration work, but most of them are abandoned and looted — and against the background of the clean and ruddy restored buildings, the devastation is even more impressive.