The new seven wonders of the world.
They are called “the new seven wonders of the world”, monuments that won an international competition held by the New Open World Corporation under the inspiration of the list of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The initiative came from the Swiss director Bernard Weber. The vote was public, with more than a hundred million people taking part. This was the first mass voting over the Internet, phones and text messages in history, open to participants around the world. The ceremony of announcing the new miracles was broadcast live on more than 160 television channels, in more than 170 countries. Of the seven wonders of the modern world, six have been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
So, let’s start getting acquainted with the seven new wonders of the world.
- The city of Petra in Jordan.
This wonder of the world is located in a narrow valley, on the edge of the Arabian Desert, between the mountains south of the Dead Sea. The city of Petra was the capital of the Nabataean Empire, under the rule of King Aretha IV (9 BC to 40 AD). The most famous remains of Peter are certainly his rock-hewn structures; in particular the buildings known as Khazneh (treasury) and Deir (monastery).
Petra, which means “stone” in Greek, has survived for so many years thanks to the fact that most of its “buildings” were carved into solid stone walls. This is perhaps the most fascinating ancient city that has stood up to today. It was discovered by the Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt in 1812. Petra has also been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is part of the 7 New Wonders of the World.
- The Great Wall of China.
This new wonder of the world was built between 220 BC and 1644 AD. The purpose of this structure was to link the existing fortifications into a single defense system to defend the country from the invasion of the Mongol tribes. It is the largest monument ever built by man, and the only one visible from space. The estimated length of the wall is 8851 kilometers, from the Korean border to the edge of the Yalu River in the Gobi Desert, is 6-7 meters high, and 4-5 meters wide. At the peak of the Ming era, the wall was guarded by more than one million warriors.
Declared a World Heritage Site in 1987, it is considered the largest cemetery in the world (about 10 million workers died during construction), and is now one of the new wonders of the world.
- The Taj Mahal in Agra.
The Taj Mahal was established between 1631 and 1654 in the city of Agra, in Uttar Pradesh on the banks of the Yamuna River, by order of Shah Jahan, the fifth Mughal Emperor, in memory of his beloved late wife. This mausoleum consists of four minarets, each with more than 13 floors. An estimated 20,000 workers were needed to build it.
Built with white marble, set against a backdrop of gardens, this new wonder of the world is considered the perfect jewel of Muslim art in India, and combines elements of Indian, Persian, Islamic and even Turkish architecture. Please note that the Taj Mahal is included in our list of ” The most beautiful Buildings in the World “.
Interesting fact: Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan was deposed by one of his children and was finished contemplating and admiring the Taj Mahal from the window for the rest of his days.
- The Colosseum in Rome.
Roman Empire amphitheater, built in the first century, in the center of Rome. In ancient times, it had a capacity for 50,000 spectators and was the largest amphitheater ever built in the empire. Construction began in 70 AD by the Emperor Vespasian, was completed in 80 by the Emperor Titus, and some changes were made during the reign of Domitian. The place is dedicated to public entertainment, such as gladiator fights, various performances, etc. Currently, it is not only one of the most famous sights in Europe, but also a new wonder of the world.
- Chichen Itza in Mexico.
Chichen Itza in Mexico, with almost 1,000 years of history, is one of the main archaeological sites on the Yucatan Peninsula. These are the remains of one of the most important pre — Columbian civilizations-the Maya. The reason to build this city was the absence of rivers in Yucatan, and in this place there were 3 cenotes that provided the population with water all year round. Chichen Itza was the political and economic center of the Maya.
In the center of Chichen Itza stands the pyramid of Kukulkan – the last and largest Mayan temple. An interesting point: the staircase is built in such a way that during the spring and autumn equinoxes, it makes the illusion of a snake descending down it.
- Machu Picchu in Peru.
It is believed that this city in the clouds, known as Machu Picchu (Old Mountain), was built in 1440 by the founder of the Inca Empire, Pachacutec Yupanqui. This unusual settlement lies at an altitude of 2350 meters above sea level, deep in the Amazon jungle, on the Urubamba River.
The city was forgotten by the outer pestilence for centuries when it was rediscovered by American archaeologist Hiram Bingham in 1911.
There are several stories about Machu Picchu: some believe that it is the magnificent mausoleum of Pachacuteca, as some of the remains of the buildings are covered with gold; others think that it was built by the Incas as a Yacta (a city without a permanent population) to control the economy of the conquered areas and protect the Inca aristocracy in the event of an attack. A maximum of 750 people lived here.
Machu Picchu can be attributed not only to the new wonders of the world, but also to the most beautiful places on Earth.
- The statue of Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro.
Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro is a symbol of love and a call to brotherhood. The statue is located at an altitude of 709 meters above sea level and is located in the city of Rio de Janeiro, on the top of Mount Corcovado. The total height is 38 m, 8 belong to the pedestal. This new wonder of the world was built on October 12, 1931, after about five years of work.
The creation of this religious monument in the city was first proposed in 1859 by the priest Pedro Maria Boss and Princess Elizabeth. The idea was revived in 1921, on the eve of the centenary of Independence Day.
CANDIDATES FOR THE TITLE OF NEW WONDERS OF THE WORLD.
There are other beautiful places in the world that could have been on the list of the new seven wonders of the world, but did not get there. Therefore, I think it will be interesting to learn about them, at least in the photo.
Pyramids of Giza in Cairo Sydney Opera House Eiffel Tower in Paris Neuschwanstein Castle in Germany Moai on Easter Island Tombuktu in Mali Hagia Sophia in Istanbul St. Basil’s Cathedral in Moscow Acropolis in Athens Statue of Liberty in New York Angkor in Cambodia.