Libraries of the world.
People have long begun to think about the preservation of accumulated knowledge, about their conservation and reproduction. At first, all knowledge was stored on papyri, scrolls, tablets. But this information was scattered all over the world, was not systematized, and therefore was almost useless. The first truly famous library in the world is the temple in Nippur. From the legends of the Ancient world, we learn about libraries in Greece, Egypt and Rome. Today, every country has its own State National Library, and every small town must have a local library. As in ancient times, now there are great libraries of the world, which can rightly be proud of. Such national repositories contain a huge number of unique books, newspapers and magazines. Regional libraries are almost as important to the state as national libraries, although they are slightly inferior to the “main” ones in terms of the number of collected publications.
Famous libraries of the world.
The National Library of the United States or the Library of Congress is one of the largest libraries in the world. At first, only the President, the Vice President, and members of the U.S. Senate and Congress could use it. Hence the name. It is located in Washington and is now a scientific library for the American Congress, research organizations, industrial companies, and schools.
In Austria, not far from Vienna, there is one of the most beautiful libraries in the world – the Klosterneuburg State Library, which contains more than 30,000 ancient books.
The Duke August Library is the personal collection of the highly educated Duke Wolfenbüttel August the Younger, who collected books from his childhood. Agents from all over the world brought him manuscripts, which he stored in a stable building adapted for this purpose. During his life, the duke collected so many books and manuscripts that this collection was called “the eighth wonder of the world”.
The Strahov Monastery in Prague is an ancient architectural monument of the Czech Republic. There has been a well-known repository of books in it for more than 800 years. The oldest editions that can be found here date back to the 12th century. The walls of the halls where books are stored are covered with frescoes. The library was burned several times, was robbed, but, nevertheless, many valuable publications were saved. Now there are more than 130,000 books, 1,500 editions of the first printers, and 2,500 manuscripts.
Unusual libraries of the world.
Today, in the age of high technology and the Internet, many people, however, continue to go to libraries. More and more new buildings are being built for them, some of which are striking in their beauty and unusual architecture:
library Resort, The Library Resort Hotel opened recently in Thailand. An excellent library is built right next to the pool. You can come out of the pool, sit right there with a book in your hands and have a great time; the bookshelf, a library in Kansas, its facade is eight-meter spines of a book. A total of 22 such books with different covers; a library-shell is being built in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan. This form is chosen so that the sunlight as much as possible illuminates the room from the inside; the endless library in Stockholm consists of a wall with books, along which people walk through the galleries and choose their favorite books. To enhance the infinity effect, mirrors are installed on both sides; the modern library of Alexandria, built on the site of the oldest book depository, is striking. A seven-story sun-shaped building rises from a pool of water. The architect apparently wanted to show the sunrise of Knowledge.
There are a huge number of libraries in the world, and, regardless of the level of development of civilization, there are always people who can not imagine their life without a real book.